The Analysis of Laboratory Indices of Type I and Type II Diabetes Mellitus at Klaipėda University Hospital

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Wed, 2013/05/08 - 20:56
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Laboratorinė medicina. 2009,
t. 11,
Nr. 2,
p. 83 -
92

The aim: to analyse the peculiarities of laboratory indices of patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).

Material and Methods. 452 pa­tients with I and II type DM were exam­ined and hospitalized at Klaipėda Uni­versity Hospital. Glucose concentration, glycosylated heamoglobin (HbAlc), DM, and 77.2 % - type 2. According to the statistically significant positive rela­tionship, type 1 is more common among younger, and type 2 DM is more common among older patients. The statistically significant positive relationship between DM and the patient’s sex was deter­mined: statistically, type 1 DM is more significant for men, and type 2 - for women. Having evaluated the biochemi­cal blood indices of patients with type 1 DM, a statistically significant negative relationship between the age and HBAic in patients with type 1 DM was esti­mated. Statistically significant positive rel ationship was found between the age of patients with type 1 DM and creatinine peptide concentrations and between glu­cose concentration and HBAic. Statistically significant positive relationship between creatinine concentration and the patients’ age with type 2 DM were determined. The re la tion ships be tween C-pep tide and creatinine and between C-peptide and glucose of the patients in type 2 DM group were also statistically significant and positive.

Conclusions. The blood glucose con­centration test is the earliest and the most informative index for diagnosis of type 1 and 2 DM. Since the price of this research in comparison with the price of glycosylated heamoglobin concentration test is much lower, blood glucose concen­tration test is recommended as the most appropriate test for prevention of diabe­tes mellitus and its current control.

 

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